Click on an issue or scroll down to read and compare the views of presidential candidates and their VP picks on climate and energy issues.

  • Economy-wide cap-and-trade program reduces emissions 80% below 1990 levels by 2050.
  • Auction 100% of carbon allowances.
  • Proceeds invested in clean energy and transition relief for families.


  • Economy-wide cap-and-trade program reduces emissions 60% below 1990 levels by 2050.
  • Initially give away all carbon allowances.
  • Co-sponsor of Boxer-Sanders Global Warming Pollution Reduction Act, which establishes cap-and-trade system requiring emissions reduction to 1990 levels by 2020, and to 80% below 1990 levels by 2050.


  • Created sub-cabinet in April 2007 to study reducing state’s GHG emissions.
  • Made Alaska an observer of the Western Climate Initiative.
  • Does not agree climate change is mostly due to human activity.
  • Mandatory 10% of electricity from renewable sources by 2012, and 25% by 2025.
  • Create five million green collar jobs by investing $150 billion over next ten years, particularly in wind, solar, and next generation biofuels.
  • One million plug-in hybrid cars with 150 mpg by 2015.
  • Ignores geothermal.
  • Obtained funding for first ethanol-to-hydrogen refueling station in Chicago.
  • Abstained from voting on Senate bill to extend renewable energy tax credits.
  • Says supports wind and solar development through R&D; no subsidies.
  • Supports subsidies to coal, hydrogen, and technologies yet to “mature.”
  • Has not specified any new federal spending for renewable energy.
  • Like Obama, ignores geothermal.
  • Voted for DOE to produce 100,000 hydrogen-powered vehicles by 2010.
  • Mandatory 20% of electricity from renewable sources.
  • Supports $50 billion over five years for an "Apollo Project" on renewable energy, as well as alternative fuel and energy, nuclear waste management, carbon capture and sequestration, and clean coal technology.
  • Voted for DOE to produce 100,000 hydrogen-powered vehicles by 2010.
  • Signed bill in May for $250 million over the next five years to develop renewable energy, such as solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal.
  • Said in August, "Alternative-energy solutions are far from imminent and would require more than 10 years to develop."
  • Doesn’t encourage clean coal as US energy solution, but supports R&D of clean coal and CCS technologies for export.
  • Supports nuclear power but has concerns about storage and proliferation.
  • Opposes storing nuclear waste at the Yucca Mountain.
  • Subsidize the building of 45 new nuclear power plants by 2030 with the ultimate goal of 100 new power plants. Recently said, “… the French are able to generate 80 % of their electricity with nuclear power. There’s no reason why America shouldn’t.”
  • Supports storing nuclear waste at Yucca Mountain and the Savannah River Site.
  • Favors developing nuclear energy.
  • Supports offshore drilling.
  • Has said, “I beg to disagree with any candidate who would say we can't drill our way out of our problem…”
  • Has long opposed oil drilling in ANWR, but will reconsider and consult Palin.
  • In 2007 urged Senate and Bush to defeat bill prohibiting oil and natural gas development in ANWR.
  • August, 2008, letter to Bush urging an immediate seismic survey of oil and gas in ANWR.
  • Intends to convince McCain to drill in ANWR; "I am encouraged with his evolved thinking on offshore drilling, and I think he might come along onANWR if he sees our 2,000 acres for himself."
  • Awarded TransCanada Pipelines license to build 1,715-milelong natural gas pipeline from the North Slope to other states; estimated cost $30 billion.
  • Supports increased fuel economy by 4% per year; 52 mpg by 2026.
  • Provide $4 billion for domestic automakers to retool manufacturing facilities.
  • Establish national low-carbon fuel standard to reduce CO2 emissions 10% by 2010.
  • $7,000 tax credit for purchasing advanced vehicles.
  • Increase carmaker penalties for noncompliance with existing mileage standards.
  • $5,000 tax credit to consumers who purchase a zero-emission car.
  • Wants auto makers to build 100 % Flex-Fuel vehicles by 2012.

  • Supports development of corn-, sugar- and switchgrass-based biofuels, just not with government funding.
  • Would eliminate mandates, subsidies, tariffs, and price supports focusing exclusively on corn-based ethanol.
  • Calls for annual production of 60 billion gallons a year of ethanol and biodiesel by 2030.
  • Require old cars to be retrofitted to run on flex fuels by 2017.
  • Proposed automakers increase flex fuel vehicle production to 100% in 10 years.
  • Proposed legislation requiring oil companies to install alternative fuel pumps in 5% of their stations annually over 10 years; 50% of stations by 2016.

  • Seeks to end all farm subsidies “not based on clear need” and will cap subsidies to farmers with an adjusted gross yearly income of $250,000.
  • Direct USDA to develop more drought-resistant higher-yield crops.