(Jul 13, 2007)


China pollution apparent from Oregon peak


By Jeff Barnard
From AP


In 2003, Jaffe and Dave Parrish of the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration published a paper that found in increase in ozone over the Pacific of 10 parts per billion in 18 years.

''That's a fairly significant rate in that background air is only about 40 parts per billion and the standard is 80 parts per billion,'' Jaffe said. ''That is going to make it harder for us to meet our own air quality standards.''

And those standards are likely to be getting tougher. On June 21, the EPA proposed lower limits for ground-level ozone, the principle component of smog, saying the current standards don't protect the public health.

Daniel J. Jacob, professor of atmospheric chemistry and environmental engineering at Harvard University, says that Asian emissions are growing 5 percent to 10 percent a year and the trend is likely to continue through the next decade. He manages the GEOS-Chem computer model, developed by scientists around the world to study the effects of global emissions on U.S. air quality.

''The cars and factories we have in the United States are among the cleanest in the world and it's difficult to make them cleaner,'' Jacob said. ''So the question is whether we should maybe invest some basic air pollution controls in China as a more cost-effective way of dealing with some of the pollution problems we have.''

The United States and the Natural Resources Defense Council, an environmental group, are working with China to increase the efficiency of energy production and boost conservation; Premier Wen Jiabao has pledged to reduce energy use against gross domestic product by 20 percent by 2010. Last year energy use fell by only 1.2 percent, short of the first phase goal of 4 percent.

Barbara Finamore, who heads NRDC's China program, said the United States has an obligation to help: ''The U.S. has outsourced much of its manufacturing to China and therefore outsourced the pollution inherent in that manufacturing, and that is what is coming back to haunt us.''

But it is a tremendous challenge.

''Literally, there are millions of Chinese people who don't have cookstoves who actually cook on an open fire in the home they have,'' EPA Administrator Stephen L. Johnson said.

China uses twice as much energy per unit of gross domestic product as the world average and 10 times more than Japan, the world leader in efficiency. And more than half of the 800,000 deaths each year due to urban air pollution occur in China, according to the World Health Organization.

Meanwhile, China is expected to build 140 new coal-fired power plants over the next three years, and each one will last 30 to 70 years, Johnson said. ''So what they do today will have a lasting legacy.''

___

While Jaffe is focused on pollution at mountaintop elevations, Veerabhadran Ramanathan, director of the Center for Clouds, Chemistry, and Climate at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla, Calif., is looking higher.

He and Jeff Stith of the National Center for Atmospheric Research lead an international research team that is looking at dust and particulates blowing across the Pacific at up to 30,000 feet.

A Gulfstream-V jet jammed with scientific instruments scoops up air samples and analyses them. The jet flies between Japan, Hawaii and Alaska, climbing from near the ocean's surface to 50,000 feet, constructing a profile of the layers of dust.

''For the first time we are following the dust,'' said Ramanathan. ''Literally we are baby-sitting it all the way from Japan across the Pacific Ocean into North America.''

Ramanathan is primarily interested in the weather and global warming ramifications of soot and dust. A study published this year in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, based on computer models, found that tiny particles from Asia are helping to produce stronger and more frequent storms over the Pacific.

It comes back to the idea that the individual droplets of water vapor that make up clouds need a nucleus to form. Nature has always provided dust and soot from forest fires and dust storms in Mongolia; now combustion from cars and trucks, coal-fired power plants and millions of cooking fires are providing more.

At the same time, ''by sheer dumb luck'' pollution has actually helped reduce global warming by helping to form low-elevation clouds made of water vapor that reflect sunlight and heat back into space, said Ramanathan.

But when those tiny particles of soot rise to 25,000 feet, they help form clouds made of ice. Instead of reflecting sunlight, they act like another blanket on a cold winter night, trapping the heat of the earth.

Based on earlier measurements, 25 million kilograms to 30 million kilograms of soot floats over the Pacific, and about 75 percent of that is from Asia, said Ramanathan.

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Comments

ok. It is beyond clear now that a more-than green technology is needed to curb china`s, an the world`s rampant pollution.

The world need to take notice of RW Bussard`s allegation that his non-polluitve, non-radioactive byproduct nuclear fusion procees has great promise of a greener earth, and hence the fuel for his reactor is boron(from salt-water), energy price would be so cheap and so stable, and we got so much friggin salt water on this earth that you would never see a price increase in energy!

http://www.talk-polywell.org/bb/index.php

Dr. Bussard`s proven, polywell IEC fusion reactor is the only (near future) hope mankind has for replacing our highly pollutive and radioactive coal/gas/fission reactor powerplants with something that is ABSOLUTELY POLLUTION, AND RADIOACTIVE BYPRODUCT FREE!

Also its fuel is BORON, extracted from SALT in the SEA WATER(can you say electricity that is "cheap as H_ _ L"?). That also means NO MORE FRESH WATER SHORTAGE ISSUES!

It also means THE END OF FOSSIL FUELS!... and perhaps that is why the industry is not funding it... because the industry is BIG OIL!... And nobody wants to sell CHEAP ENERGY to the public... why would they want to do that when they can sell energy from EXPENSIVE BIG OIL.

Why settle for this!(copy link and paste in address window)
http://www.cnbc.com/id/19094275


... when you could have so much more!


look at the following links if you think it sounds too good to be true...

http://www.emc2fusion.org


The following is a video presentation of Dr. Bussard on his breakthough in polywell IEC fusion technology. The first 56 minutes is mostly technical talk... but make sure you pay very close attention after 56 minutes... there are many other uses for his reactor(other than power plant) that will greatly affect our world in many positive ways.

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=1996321846673788606


Non- believer, skeptic, phD, and friggin A.D.D. personnel should not state their opinions on this forum simply because i do not have the capacity to set them straight. But MANY OTHER SKEPTICS(including industry proffesionals) were grilled, set straight, and turned believers in following forum... Electron loss, Maxwellian problems, Brehmsstrahlung radiation, and Synchrotron Radiation Loss issues with IEC fusion have been solved! ...resulting in a fusion result 100 000 times higher than any previous attempts.(go to page 68 of forum for proof... read TOM LIGON`s posts)

http://www.nasaspaceflight.com/forum/forums/thread-view.asp?tid=5367&start=1

... was that enough convincing? now please tell all your friends about http://www.emc2fusion.org and kindly ask them to donate... our CLEAN FUTURE depends 100% on this project(yes i do believe that!).

and heres some more links for those who want to look into it some more. I have been glued to my pc since i found out about this project.. so i understand perfectly well if you get glued too.

petition to have US govt funding restored to the EMC2 project
http://www.petitionspot.com/petitions/fundiecf

article at

http://www.thepriceofliberty.org/07/05/07/ward.htm

listen to the May 08/2006 interview with Tim Ligon, and Dr. Bussard himself... scroll to the bottom of the page(URL below) in the program archives to the May 08/2006 interview.

http://www.thespaceshow.com

another forum

http://powerandcontrol.blogspot.com/2007/04/good-news-fusion-project-funded.html


Dr. Bussard`s Luna/mars colonization made possible by fusion propulsion

http://www.askmar.com/Fusion_files/QED%20Space%20Transportation.pdf

ISDC2007(international space development conference) at

http://isdc.nss.org/2007/theme.html


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