(Jul 13, 2007)


China pollution apparent from Oregon peak


By Jeff Barnard
From AP


MOUNT BACHELOR SUMMIT, Ore. (AP) - In a frigid shelter at the top of Mount Bachelor, Dan Jaffe brushed the snow from a rough plywood table, laid out a clean tissue, and unscrewed a stainless steel fitting from one of his scientific instruments.

The University of Washington-Bothell professor of atmospheric and environmental chemistry removed a one-inch disk with a hole in the center. There, on a shiny film of grease, five dull black dots made up of tiny soot particles appeared. He passed it around for the graduate students to see.

''Some of those particles,'' he said, ''came from Asia.''

At 9,000 feet at the crest of the Cascade Range, the air is some of the cleanest to be found anywhere in the United States. But each breath - especially in the spring - can suck in tiny amounts of pollution from China and elsewhere in Asia. Soot, dust and chemicals come from coal-fired power plants, cars and trucks, forest fires, desert dust storms, and even wood cooking fires.

China now emits more carbon dioxide _ the atmospheric pollutant that is primarily responsible for global warming _ than any other nation. But scientists working on mountaintops, with computer models and with aircraft stuffed with instruments are also worried about the effects of these lesser-known pollutants here.

''One might think of these sources as small in terms of their contribution. But it's a contribution on top of what we already have,'' said John D. Spengler, professor of environmental health and human habitation at the Harvard School of Public Health.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recognizes that air pollution travels great distances, said Bill Wehrum, EPA's acting assistant administrator for air and radiation.

What is not known, he said, ''is how much pollution is moving over those distances, how much real impact it is having on public health downwind in the environment.

''The Europeans are asking that question about emissions from the United States. Asians are asking that question about emissions from Europe. And the United States is asking that question about emissions from Asia.''

___

In 1994, Jaffe was in Oslo, Norway, on sabbatical when he came across a computer model that indicated that pollutants in the Arctic were coming from China.

Back in the states, he secured a grant from the National Science Foundation to measure them. His first observatory was on Cheeka Peak, a 1,598-foot mountain on the tip of Washington's rainy Olympic Peninsula about 120 miles east of his home in Seattle.

In 1999, Jaffe took instruments to higher altitudes in airplanes flying off Washington and California. They found more pollution, particularly between 6,000 feet and 20,000 feet.

That led him in 2004 to the 9,000-foot summit of Mount Bachelor, a ski resort in the Cascade Range of Central Oregon, and to its ski lift house.

Hooded air intakes handcrafted from sheet metal lead to tiny rooms packed with instruments that measure carbon monoxide, ozone, mercury, soot, and radon. Jaffe can read the instruments on his office computer, but must visit the site every few months to keep things running.

Since 2000, satellites have been able to watch dust, soot, ozone, and nitrous oxides as they are blown across the Pacific at high altitudes. The dust and soot are visible. The gases show up in refracted wavelengths of light bouncing back to the satellites.

''By looking at the ratios of different pollutants, particularly carbon monoxide and mercury, we can actually say the ratio of these pollutants we are seeing here at Mount Bachelor matches the ratio of pollutants coming right out of China,'' Jaffe said.

''This is, in effect, a fingerprint _ a chemical fingerprint. When we see all these indicators, meteorological data, the satellite data, the pollutants fingerprint, we can be very confident these are pollutants coming across from Asia.''

Staci Simonich, an assistant professor at Oregon State, also has instruments on top of Mount Bachelor. She and her graduate students are looking for things like pesticides and PCBs, an industrial chemical outlawed in this country that causes cancer. The toxins attach to their own favorite sizes of dust and soot.

While levels are very low, ''it's only going to increase from everything we know about the use of energy in those countries,'' Simonich said.

The spring offers prime conditions for pollution to travel from China to the United States. That's when a low pressure area forms over the east China Sea or the Sea of Japan, combined with a cold front that kicks the pollutants up into the free troposphere, the clear air above the haze you see when you take off in an airplane. The prevailing winds blow east to west, sending the pollutants straight across to the United States.

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Comments

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The world need to take notice of RW Bussard`s allegation that his non-polluitve, non-radioactive byproduct nuclear fusion procees has great promise of a greener earth, and hence the fuel for his reactor is boron(from salt-water), energy price would be so cheap and so stable, and we got so much friggin salt water on this earth that you would never see a price increase in energy!

http://www.talk-polywell.org/bb/index.php

Dr. Bussard`s proven, polywell IEC fusion reactor is the only (near future) hope mankind has for replacing our highly pollutive and radioactive coal/gas/fission reactor powerplants with something that is ABSOLUTELY POLLUTION, AND RADIOACTIVE BYPRODUCT FREE!

Also its fuel is BORON, extracted from SALT in the SEA WATER(can you say electricity that is "cheap as H_ _ L"?). That also means NO MORE FRESH WATER SHORTAGE ISSUES!

It also means THE END OF FOSSIL FUELS!... and perhaps that is why the industry is not funding it... because the industry is BIG OIL!... And nobody wants to sell CHEAP ENERGY to the public... why would they want to do that when they can sell energy from EXPENSIVE BIG OIL.

Why settle for this!(copy link and paste in address window)
http://www.cnbc.com/id/19094275


... when you could have so much more!


look at the following links if you think it sounds too good to be true...

http://www.emc2fusion.org


The following is a video presentation of Dr. Bussard on his breakthough in polywell IEC fusion technology. The first 56 minutes is mostly technical talk... but make sure you pay very close attention after 56 minutes... there are many other uses for his reactor(other than power plant) that will greatly affect our world in many positive ways.

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=1996321846673788606


Non- believer, skeptic, phD, and friggin A.D.D. personnel should not state their opinions on this forum simply because i do not have the capacity to set them straight. But MANY OTHER SKEPTICS(including industry proffesionals) were grilled, set straight, and turned believers in following forum... Electron loss, Maxwellian problems, Brehmsstrahlung radiation, and Synchrotron Radiation Loss issues with IEC fusion have been solved! ...resulting in a fusion result 100 000 times higher than any previous attempts.(go to page 68 of forum for proof... read TOM LIGON`s posts)

http://www.nasaspaceflight.com/forum/forums/thread-view.asp?tid=5367&start=1

... was that enough convincing? now please tell all your friends about http://www.emc2fusion.org and kindly ask them to donate... our CLEAN FUTURE depends 100% on this project(yes i do believe that!).

and heres some more links for those who want to look into it some more. I have been glued to my pc since i found out about this project.. so i understand perfectly well if you get glued too.

petition to have US govt funding restored to the EMC2 project
http://www.petitionspot.com/petitions/fundiecf

article at

http://www.thepriceofliberty.org/07/05/07/ward.htm

listen to the May 08/2006 interview with Tim Ligon, and Dr. Bussard himself... scroll to the bottom of the page(URL below) in the program archives to the May 08/2006 interview.

http://www.thespaceshow.com

another forum

http://powerandcontrol.blogspot.com/2007/04/good-news-fusion-project-funded.html


Dr. Bussard`s Luna/mars colonization made possible by fusion propulsion

http://www.askmar.com/Fusion_files/QED%20Space%20Transportation.pdf

ISDC2007(international space development conference) at

http://isdc.nss.org/2007/theme.html


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